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Purebred and Crossbred: What’s the difference?

Updated: Nov 30, 2023

‘Purebred’ dogs are one of the 238 breeds that are recognised by Dogs Australia (formerly the Australian National Kennel Council, or ANKC). Dogs Australia lists the ‘breed standard’ for each of these, describing what the breed should look like and characteristics breeders should select for. Dogs that participate in traditional dog shows are all purebred dogs. They compete in categories against others from their breed, or in groups of similar breeds.

‘Crossbred’ dogs are any dog which is a genetic mix between two or more other breeds. Crossbreeds, also known as ‘Developmental Breeds’, are not recognised by Dogs Australia but have become extremely popular. The Master Dog Breeders and Associates (MDBA), is a breed association that recognises some of these developmental breeds as future purebred dogs, and is committed to developing breed standards so that these breeds become more consistent over time. An example of this would be the 'Theodore' program, based on the Cavoodle crossbreed.

Why RightPaw lists both

Both purebred and crossbred dogs can make ideal family pets! The choice about whether to get a traditional breed or a developmental breed is a personal one and RightPaw supports owners and breeders either way.

At RightPaw, we believe in responsibility across all breeds - both pure-bred and cross-bred. We want to bring transparency to the whole dog landscape - promoting great breeders who engage in responsible practices across health, behaviour, socialisation and more. All our breeders are verified independently by our team against our Code of Ethics, developed by breeders and vets together. We believe it's important to provide this transparency, and help all potential puppy owners on their search.

Some of our breeders are experienced, Dogs Australia (ANKC) registered breeders who are passionate about a specific breed and developing their lines for the show ring. Others are breeding a variety of crossbred dogs with a focus on creating a diverse array of family-friendly puppies.

grey dog looking at camera

Whilst all dogs are unique individuals, purebred dogs tend to be more predictable in terms of general personality, size, grooming requirements, and health predispositions. This can be an advantage if you would like to know more precisely what your puppy will be like as an older dog. Crossbred dogs will show much more variability in appearance, especially adult size, coat colour and texture. They have the advantage of being less likely to be affected by diseases that may be recessive and carried by one parent of one breed, but not by the other. RightPaw encourages health testing of all dogs, whether they are a traditional or developmental breed.

cavoodle on bed looking at camera

Whatever breed you ultimately select, it is important to consider the personality traits, exercise, grooming and health requirements your dog is likely to have, and make sure these fit well into your family’s lifestyle. Remember you are selecting a new family member who will be with you for the next 10-15 years, so it is important to consider whether the breed you are thinking about will be a good match for you.

댓글 1개


I am currently a pending member.

I am yet to forward to you paperwork, however, you encourage ethical breeders?

Just wondering from a science based veterinary point of view on crossbreeds.

Breeding 2 different types of dogs bring to the party 2 sets of genetic faults and risk of hereditary problems.

Its one thing to have breeder A making first generation cross bred pups but when breeder B breeds with the offspring it is then leaving the door open to double up on genetic problems.

Do you ensure that any testing or DNA profiling is done on Breeder A's original pair for applicable traits; eg, a Rottweiler and Dobermann bred together, 2 issues that immediately come to mind is…

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